“The guidance equipment for the mission was created out of first principles, prolific imagination, and a lot of hard work.” – David Hoag
When President John F. Kennedy challenged the nation to “landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth” in 1961, NASA swiftly turned to MIT’s Instrumentation Laboratory to solve the navigation problems of hitting a target some 250,000 miles away. The Guidance, Navigation, and Control (GNC) Flight System was designed, tested, and modified many times. Under the leadership of Professor Charles Stark Draper, the Instrumentation Laboratory contributed to the work of building systems for eight Earth-orbital and nine lunar missions.
This simulator was used to test the hardware and software for every Apollo mission. Initially, the astronauts used it as part of their training. Due to their tremendous scheduling demands, however, additional simulators were built for use at the Manned Spacecraft Center (NASA Johnson) in Houston.
Courtesy of The Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Inc.